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On Dec. 27, 2022, the Official Gazette of the Federation published reform to Articles 76 and 78 of the Federal Labor Law, entitling workers to more mandatory paid vacation days as follows:
|Year 2||14 days|
|Year 3||16 days|
|Year 4||18 days|
|Year 5||20 days|
|From 6 to 10 years||22 days|
|From 11 to 15 years||24 days|
|From 16 to 20 years||26 days|
|From 21 to 25 years||28 days|
|From 26 to 30 years||30 days|
|From 31 to 31 years||32 days|
Following are the approved amendments to the Federal Labor Law:
Article 76.- Employees with more than one year of service will enjoy an annual period of paid vacation, which in no case may be less than six working days, and which will increase by two working days, until reaching 12, for each subsequent year of service.
Article 76.- Employees with more than one year of service shall enjoy an annual period of paid vacation, which in no case may be less than 12 working days, and which shall increase by two working days, until reaching 20, for each subsequent year of service.
|Article 78.- Employees shall continuously enjoy at least six days of vacation.||
Article 78.- Of the total period corresponding to the employees in accordance with the provisions of Article 76 of this Law, the employee shall enjoy at least twelve days of continuous vacation.
Said period, at the discretion of the employee, may be distributed in the manner and time required.
- The approved decree states that it must be applied to each employee in accordance with their anniversary, i.e., the new vacation computation may be exercised as of its publication in the Official Gazette of the Federation and after having completed their anniversary. The employer must grant the vacation days in the six-months period after completion of the year of services rendered.
- The reform will take effect Jan. 1, 2023.
Compliance and Regulations:
As background, Congress approved the aforementioned initiative in order to comply with the following regulations:
- The International Pact on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [PIDESC], Article 7, subsection D.
- The Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, Articles 1, 123 and 10.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Articles 23 and 24.
Additionally, the World Health Organization (WHO) has pointed out in an analysis that long working hours can affect the physical and mental health, as well as the safety and well-being of workers, while the employer also suffers as a result of employees not having sufficient rest days, such as: interruption of production due to accidents, damage to equipment and materials, reduction in the quality of the product or service, and reduction in the productivity of the affected workers. In view of the foregoing, Congress has approved an increase in rest periods for workers, to advance human rights, it seeks formal adoption of the International Labor Organization standard established in Convention 132.
* This GT Alert does not apply to U.S. matters or laws, or to other jurisdictions outside of Mexico.